freeze

freeze
I. freeze freeze 1 [friːz] verb froze PASTTENSE [frəʊz ǁ froʊz] frozen PASTPART [ˈfrəʊzn ǁ ˈfroʊ-]
1. [transitive] COMMERCE if a government or company freezes prices, wages etc, they keep them at a particular level:

• The company cut executive salaries by 10%, all remaining salaries were frozen.

• The president froze fuel prices and set a ceiling on prices for basic foodstuffs.

2. LAW BANKING to legally prevent money in a bank from being taken out, property from being sold etc, for example because there is a disagreement concerning it:

• A federal judge froze more than $20 million in FundAmerica bank accounts last Friday after several California investors sued Mr Edwards.

3. [transitive] COMMERCE to stop an activity or a proposed activity for a period of time:

• The airline froze hiring and instructed employees to reduce spending.

• Mr Smith has frozen plans to develop the record company.

4. [intransitive] COMPUTING if a computer or a computer screen freezes, the image on the screen will not change because of a problem with the computer :

• My computer froze and I had to reboot it.

— see also frozen
  [m0] II. freeze freeze 2 noun
1. [countable] ECONOMICS when prices, wages etc are fixed at a particular level:

• They said the cable television industry was abusing its market position, and called for a mandatory price freeze in cable rates.

• The prime minister called for a pay freeze to help keep inflation down.

ˈcredit ˌfreeze [singular] ECONOMICS FINANCE BANKING
when banks are forced by the government to stop lending completely
2. [countable] when an activity is stopped for a period of time:
credit freeze on

• If the government imposes a freeze on the roads programme, up to 20,000 jobs could be lost.

• In an effort to reduce overheads, they laid off a quarter of the staff and initiated a hiring freeze (= when a company does not take new employees ) .

* * *

Ⅰ.
freeze UK US /friːz/ verb (froze, frozen)
[T] ECONOMICS, FINANCE to fix prices, income levels, interest rates, etc. at a particular level and not allow any increases: freeze wages/rates/taxes »

Mortgage lenders have agreed to freeze adjustable interest rates for some of the state's highest-risk borrowers.

[T] LAW, BANKING if a government or court freezes someone's bank account, money, assets etc. it legally prevents them from using any of it: »

Some of the prisoners' assets were frozen by order of the government.

»

Officials said they will freeze 120 local bank accounts and place racketeering liens on numerous homes and businesses.

[I] IT if a computer freezes or a computer screen is frozen, it suddenly stops working and the screen will not change even when you use the keyboard or mouse: »

If your computer freezes, you may have to shut it down manually by holding the power button for several seconds.

[T] to officially stop an activity or process for a period of time: freeze production/sales/recruitment »

The world's biggest automaker announced that it will temporarily freeze production due to low demand.

Ⅱ.
freeze UK US /friːz/ noun [C]
ECONOMICS a decision to fix prices, income levels, interest rates, etc. at a particular level and not allow any increases: a pay/price/interest rate/tax freeze »

To deal with the pension crisis, a two-year salary freeze has been imposed on the city's 11,000 employees.

an official decision to stop an activity from continuing for a period of time: »

They promised to halve the deficit through a domestic spending freeze and improving government efficiency.

»

The temporary nuclear freeze has not impressed Washington hardliners.

a hiring/recruitment freeze »

Hiring freezes and layoffs are likely to continue into the new year.

a freeze on sth »

The organization was set up to campaign for a freeze on the growing of GM crops and animals.

LAW an official order, for example, from a judge or government, that prevents money or property from being used or moved: impose/put/place a freeze on sth »

A High Court judge placed a freeze on her worldwide assets.

See also CREDIT FREEZE(Cf. ↑credit freeze)

Financial and business terms. 2012.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Freeze — may refer to:In liquids turning to solids: *Freezing, the physical process of a liquid turning into a solid *Freeze drying, a method of rapidly removing moisture from food productsIn cessation of movement or change: *Freeze (breakdance move), the …   Wikipedia

  • freeze — (frēz) v. froze (frōz), fro·zen (frō’zən), freez·ing, freez·es v. intr. 1. a) To pass from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat. b) To acquire a surface or coat of ice from cold: »The lak …   Word Histories

  • freeze — vt froze, fro·zen, freez·ing 1: to cause to become fixed, immovable, unavailable, or unalterable freeze interest rates 2: to immobilize (as by government regulation or the action of a financial institution) the expenditure, withdrawal, or… …   Law dictionary

  • freeze — freeze; freeze·me·ter; freeze·proof; re·freeze; un·freeze; an·ti·freeze; …   English syllables

  • freeze — [frēz] vi. froze, frozen, freezing [ME fresen < OE freosan, akin to OHG friosan (Ger frieren) < IE base * preus , to freeze, burn like cold > L pruina, hoarfrost, pruna, glowing coals] 1. to be formed into ice; be hardened or solidified… …   English World dictionary

  • Freeze — Freeze, v. t. 1. To congeal; to harden into ice; to convert from a fluid to a solid form by cold, or abstraction of heat. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause loss of animation or life in, from lack of heat; to give the sensation of cold to; to chill.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Freeze — steht für: eine 1988 von den Young British Artists organisierte Kunstausstellung in den Londoner Docklands, siehe Freeze (Ausstellung) ein Motiv beim Breakdance ein Zeitpunkt in einem Projekt, an dem bestimmte Beschlüsse verbindlich geworden sind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • freeze — O.E. freosan turn to ice (class II strong verb; past tense freas, pp. froren), from P.Gmc. *freusanan (Cf. O.N. frjosa, O.H.G. friosan, Ger. frieren to freeze, Goth. frius frost ), from P.Gmc. *freus , equivalent to PIE root *preus …   Etymology dictionary

  • Freeze — Freeze, v. i. [imp. {Froze} (fr[=o]z); p. p. {Frozen} (fr[=o] z n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Freezing}.] [OE. fresen, freosen, AS. fre[ o]san; akin to D. vriezen, OHG. iosan, G. frieren, Icel. frjsa, Sw. frysa, Dan. fryse, Goth. frius cold, frost, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Freeze — [ fri:z], das; [engl. freeze, zu: to freeze = (ein)frieren, verw. mit ahd. friosan, ↑frieren]: das Einfrieren aller atomaren Rüstung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Freeze — (fr[=e]z), n. (Arch.) A frieze. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”